Archidendron clypearia

FABACEAE

Local Name: Mazhavaka, Pulivaka

Flowering / Fruiting: Dec – May

Distribution: India and Srilanka

Description

 

Unarmed trees, to 12 m high; young parts rusty tomentose. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipules; rachis 5-16 cm long, slender, tomentose, pulvinate; glands at the base on upperside; pinnae 3-12 pairs, opposite, 2.3-6.5 cm, slender, pubescent, gland one half way between each pair of pinnae; leaflets 14-50, sessile, opposite, stipels absent; glands in between each pair of leaflets; lamina 0.6-1 x 0.1 x 0.3-0.4 cm, oblong or oblong-trapezoid, base oblique, apex obtusely acute, mucronate; margin entire, recurved, glabrous above, villous beneath, coriaceous; midrib more or less central, often ascending diagonally, lateral nerves obscure. Flowers bisexual, greenish-white, arranged in 6 flowered globular spike, in terminal panicles 2.5 cm across; calyx campanulate, 1.2 ×1-1.5 mm, golden pubescent, 5 toothed; corolla funnel shaped, 4-7 mm, golden pubescent; lobes ovate to oblong; stamens many, monadelphous at base, 7-10 mm long, exserted; ovary stipitate, pubescent, 1-celled, ovules many; style filiform; stigma minute Fruit a pod, 7-11 cm long, hispid, curved in to circle, orange within, dorsal suture coriaceous; sees 4-12, 5 mm across, black, compressed.

 

Economic Use: Antitrypanosomal activity

 

Citation

Archidendronclypearia(Jack) Nielson, Adansonia 19: 15. 1979; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 60. 1992; Gangop. &Chakrab., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 17: 686. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 127. 1998.

Inga clypeariaJack, Malayan Misc, 2: 78. 1822.

PithecellobiumsubcoriaceumThw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 100. 1895; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 305. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 434(308). 1919; Mohanan&Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 239. 2002.

Archidendronclypearia ( Jack ) Nielsen ssp. subcoriaceum ( Thwa. ) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76: 57.  1984 (1985).

PithecellobiumanamalayanumBedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 189. 1872.

Abaremasubcoriacea (Thw.) Kosterm., Bull. Natuur. ord. Indonesia 20: 41. 1954; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 49. 1998.