Celastrus paniculatus

CELASTRACEAE

Local Name: Cherupunna, Jyothishmathi, Killithinipanji, Paluzhavam, Valuzhavam

Habitat: Moist deciduous and semi evergreen forest

Distribution: South Asia & Australia

Description

Climbing shrubs; stem lenticellate. Leaves simple, alternate, 7-12 x 4-7 cm, broadly ovate, apex abruptly acuminate, base ronded or acute, crenulate; petiole 6 mm long. Panicle to 15 x 8 cm, terminal, axillary, oblong; pedicel 6 mm long; flowers many, 6 mm across. Sepals 5, small, imbricate, ciliate. Petals 2.5 x 2 mm, white, ovate, obtuse. Stamens 5, erect, anthers sagitate at base. Ovary 3-celled, cell 2-ovuled, stigma 3, recurved. Capsule to 1 cm across, loculicidal, yellow; seeds 3, aril reddish.

Medicinal Use

Oil obtained from the seeds of the plant is reported to be highly beneficial in stimulating intellect and sharpening the memory. It also acts as a potential nervine tonic, rejuvenator and an anti-depressant. Moreover, the plant possesses a strong antioxidant as well as free radical scavenging activity. C. paniculatus has also been exploited for its potential role in the management of neurodegenerative diseases and other neuronal disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. Oil being a powerful stimulant for neuromuscular system is also used for the treatment of rheumatism, gout and paralysis.

Citation

CelastruspaniculatusWilld., Sp. Pl. 1: 1125. 1797; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 617. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 208(150). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 115. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 117. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 67. 1995; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 95. 1988; Sasidh. &Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 105. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 65. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 142. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 67. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 66. 1999; K. Ramam. in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 87. 2000; Ravikumar &Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 81. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 64. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 125. 2005; K. Ramam. & P. Venu in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 700. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 220. 2009.