Elaeagnus kologa

ELAEAGNACEAE

Local name: Kayalampuvalli, Kattumunthiringa, Povilam, Poolanpazham 

Flowering & Fruiting: Jan – May

Habitat: Moist deciduous & Shola Forests

Distribution: Indo- Malesia and China

Description

Large woody stragglers; young stem, leaves below and inflorescence densely lepidote with silvery and coppery scales mixed. Leaves alternate, 4-8 x 2.5-4 cm, elliptic oblong, acute to slightly acuminate at apex, attenuate at base, densely scaly below, sparsely so above when young. Racemes short, axillary, 5-7-flowered. Flowers 0.6-0.7 cm across. Perianth campanulate; tube 0.8-1 cm long; lobes 4, 0.2-0.3 cm long, triangular. Stamens 4, included. Ovary 0.2-0.3 cm long, 1-celled; ovule 1; style rolled and included, silvery hairy; stigma lateral. Drupe 1-1.5 x 0.8-1 cm, oblong, orange-red on opening.

Citation

Elaeagnus kologa Schult. in DC., Prodr. 14: 611. 1857; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1246(873). 1925; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 238. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 399. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 408. 1990; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 47. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 590. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 272. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 576. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 706. 2009.

 

Elaeagnus latifolia L., Sp. Pl. 121. 1753, pro parte; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 202. 1886.