Maesa indica

MYRSINACEAE

Local name: Kireethi, Kattuvizhal, Vannathi, Vannanmaram, Vannara

Flowering & Fruiting: September to May

Habitat: Evergreen, moist deciduous and shola forests and grasslands

Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Pakistan

Description

Large shrubs; branchlets glandular. Leaves simple, alternate, 10-15 x 4-8 cm, ovate, acute at apex, rounded and cuneate at base, serrate, glandular, membranous, with many glandular lines; nerves 10 pairs, regular; petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Flowers in axillary branched 3-6 cm long racemes; pedicels 2 mm long; bracteoles 2, opposite, inserted, below the calyx. Calyx tube adnate to the ovary, lobes 5, orbicular, 0.5 mm long. Corolla white, 4 mm across, lobes obovate. Stamens 5; anthers orbicular. Ovary 1-celled, ovules many, immersed in globose placenta, stigma capitate. Fruit a fleshy berry, 4 mm across; seeds few, angular, black.

Citation

Maesa indica (Roxb.) DC., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 134. 1834; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 239. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 166. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 262. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 230. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 264. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram  275. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 200. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 24,37. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 263. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 186. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 60. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 393. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 225. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 178. 1999; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 95. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 177. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 409. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 294. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 493. 2009.

 

Baeobotrys indica Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 230. 1824.

 

Maesa dubia (Wall.) DC., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 134. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 510. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 749(527). 1921.

 

Maesa perrottetiana A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 8: 80. 1844; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 749(527). 1921.

 

Maesa indica (Roxb.) DC. var. perrottetiana (A. DC.) Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3:509. 1882.