Casearia rubescens

FLACOURTIACEAE

Flowering & Fruiting: Feb-Apr

Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forest

Distribution: Endemic to Southern Western Ghats

DISCRIPTION

Tress, to 8 m tall; bark greyish-brown, smooth, lenticellate. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules small, scale-like, lateral, cauducous; petiole up to 15 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above, reddish; blade 7-14 x 4-6 cm, oblong, base round, obliquely obtuse or truncate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, pellucid gland-dotted; lateral nerves 10-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, reddish. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, 5 mm across, 2-6 together in axillary fascicles; pedicel 3.5 mm long, tomentose; calyx 5-lobed, lobes 2 x 1.5 mm, ovate, obtuse, tomentose outside, ciliate; petals absent; stamens 10, filaments 1 mm long, triangular sparsely hairy at base, alternating with as many staminodes tufted at their apex, forming a ring attached below to the calyx tube; ovary 2 x 2 mm, globular, ovules 9; stigma hardly wider than style. Fruit a succulent capsule, 15 x 8 mm, orange-yellow, ellipsoidal, smooth, narrowly 3 furrowed, glabrous.

Citation

Casearia rubescens Dalz. in Hook.’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 108. 1852; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 520(367). 1919; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 396. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 44. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 15. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 73. 2002; Balakr. in Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 265. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 96. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 120. 2009.

 

Casearia rubescens Dalz. var. gamblei N. Mukh., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 69: 390. 1972; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 265. 2005.