Grasslands

SL.NO SCIENTIFIC NAME ENDEMISM
FAMILY: RANUNCULACEAE
1 Anemone rivularis Ham.
2 Ranaculus reneformis Wall.
3 Thalictrum javanicum Bl.
FAMILY: MENISPERMACEAE
4 Cyclea peltata Hook.f. & Thoms
FAMILY: BERBIRIDACEAE
5 Berberis tinctoria Lesch
6 Mahonia leschenaultia Tak
FAMILY: BRASSICACEAE
7 Cardamine hirsute L.
8 Cardamine africana Linn.
9 Cardamine trifoliolata Hook.f.&
Thoms.(C. trichocarpa)
FAMILY: VIOLACEAE
10 Viola patrinii DC
11 Viola retusa
12 Viola distans
FAMILY: POLYGALACEAE
13 Poygala japonica Houtt.
FAMILY: CARYOPHYLIACEAE
14 Drymaria cordata Willd.
FAMILY: HYPERICACEAE
15 Hypericum japonicum Heyne. Western Ghats
16 Hypericum mysorense Thunb.
17 Hypericum wightianum Wall.
FAMILY: MALVACEAE
18 Urena lobata L.
FAMILY: TILIACEAE
19 Triumfetta pilosa Roth.
FAMILY: LINACEAE
20 Linum mysorense Heyne.
FAMILY: GERANIACEAE
21 Geranium nepalense Sweet.
FAMILY: BALSAMINACEAE
22 Impatiens pusilla Benth.
23 Impatiens modesta W. Western Ghats
24 Impatiens tomentosa Heyne. Western Ghats
25 Impatiens maculata W. Western Ghats
26 Impatiens campanulata W.
27 Impatiens pandata Barnes. Western Ghats
28 Impatiens chinensis L. Western Ghats
29 Impatiens goughii W. Western Ghats
30 Impatiens coelotropis
FAMILY: OXALIDACEAE
31 Oxalis richardiana Babu.
32 Oxalis corniculata L.
FAMILY: SAPINDACEAE
33 Dodonaea viscose L.
FAMILY: FABACEAE
34 Crotalaria leschenaultia DC.
35 Crotalaria formosa Grah. Western Ghats
36 Crotalaria fysonii Dunn. Western Ghats
37 Crotalaria tomentosa Rottl. Western Ghats
38 Crotalaria walkeri Arn. Western Ghats
39 Crotalaria Ovalifoia Wall. Western Ghats
40 Desmodium triquetrum DC.
41 Uraria rufescens(DC.)Schindl.
42 Flemingia nilgheriensis(Baker) W.ex Cooke. Western Ghats
43 Flemingia strobilifera R.Br.(F. bractata (Roxb.)W.)
44 Parochetus communis Hamm.
45 Smithia gracilis Benth. Western Ghats
46 Smithia blanda Wall.
FAMILY: CAESALPINACEAE
47 Cassia leschenaultiana DC.
FAMILY: MIMOSACEAE
48 Acacia mearnsii De Willd.
FAMILY: ROSACEAE
49 Rubus rugosus Sm.
50 Rubus ellipticus Sm.
51 Rubus racemosus Roxb.
FAMILY: PARNASSIACEAE
52 Parnassia pusilla Wall.ex A
53 Parnassia wightiana Wall.
FAMILY: CRASSULACEAE
54 Kalanchoe grandiflora W. & A. Western Ghats
FAMILY: DROSERACEAE
55 Drosera burmannii Vahl. Western Ghats
56 Drosera peltata Sm.
FAMILY: HOLARAGIACEAE
57 Laurembergia coccinea Blume
FAMILY: MELASTOMATACEAE
58 Osbeckia aspera var wightiana (Benth.ex W. & A.) Trimen.(Osbeckia wightiana Benth.ex W. & A.)
59 Osbeckia gracilis Bedd.(O. lineolata Gamble)
60 Osbeckia cupularis Don.
61 Osbeckia leschenaultiana DC. Western Ghats
62 Sonerila pulneyensis Gamb.
63 Sonerila rotundifolia Bedd.
FAMILY: APIACEAE
64 Centella asiatica Urb.
65 Hydrocotyle javanica Thumb.
66 Bupleeurum distichophyllum W.&A. Western Ghats
67 Pimpinella condolleana W.&A.
68 Vanasushava pedata W.) Mukh. & Const.(Heracleum pedatum W.). Western Ghats
FAMILY: RUBIACEAE
69 Borreria stricta K.Sch.
70 Hedyotis stylosa Br. Western Ghats
71 Hedyotis swertiodes Hk.f. Western Ghats
72 Hedyotis articularis Br. Western Ghats
73 Hedyotis santapui Shetty & Vivek
74 Hedyotis corymbosa (L.)Lamk. Western Ghats
75 Hedyotis buxifolia Bedd Western Ghats
76 Knoxia mollis R.Br. (K. corymbosa).
77 Mussaenda hirsutissima(Hk.f.)Hutch ex
Gamble
78 Neanotis wightiana(W. &A.) Lewis (Anotis wightiana, B.&Hk.f)
79 Neanotis indica (DC.) Lewis (Anotis leschenaultiana B.& H.K.f).
80 Neanotis foetida(Hook.f) Lewis(H.
foetida Dalz.)
81 Ophiorrhiza leschnaultii
FAMILY: VALERIANACEAE
82 Valeriana beddomei Cl. Western Ghats
83 Valeriana leschenaultia DC. Western Ghats
84 Valeriana hookeriana W. & A.
FAMILY: ASTERACEAE
85 Ageratina adenophora(Spreng) King &
Robinsion
86 Anaphalis pulneyensis
87 Anaphalis bournei Fyson. Western Ghats
88 Anaphalis leptophylla DC.
89 Anaphalis travancorica Sm. Western Ghats
90 Anaphalis marcescense Cl.
91 Anaphalis spp.
92 Anaphalis lawii Gamb.
93 Anaphalis wightiana DC.
94 Anaphalis meeboldii W.W.Sm. Western Ghats
95 Artemisia  japonica  Thunb.  (A.
parviflora Roxb.)
96 Artemisia nilagirica Pamp.
97
Bidens pilosa L
98 Blumea  mollis  (D.Don.)  Merrill.
(B.neilgherrensis Hk f.)
99 Blumea alata (D.Don.) DC. (Laggera alata)
100 Blumea vulgaris
101 Centratherum deltoids
102 Cicerbita  cyanea  (D.Don)  Beauv.
(Lactuca hastata DC.)
103 Cirsium wallichi DC. (Cnicus wallichi)
104 Conyza bonariensis (L) Cronq. (C. ambigua DC.)
105 Conyza stricta Willd.
106 Dichrocephala chrysanthemifolia DC.
107 Emillia zeylanica Cl.
108 Emillia sonchifolia DC.
109 Erigeron karvinskianus DC.(Erigeron mucronatus) DC
110 Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pavon
111 Helichrysum buddleoides DC.
112 Phyllocephalum  indicum  (Less.)
Kirkman
(centrantherum reticulatum)
113 Senecio wightii (W.) Benth.
114 Senecio lavandulaefolius Wight Western Ghats
115 Senecio zeylanicus DC.
116 Sonchus wightianus DC. (S. arvensis)
117 Spilanthes calva DC. (S.acmella)
118 Vernonia  anamudica Shetty & Vivek) Western Ghats
FAMILY: CAMPANULACEAE
119 Campanula fulgens Wall.
120 Campanula alphonsii Wall. Western Ghats
121 Lobelia nicotianifolia Heyne
122 Lobelia leschenaultiana Presl) Skottsb.
123 Lobelia trijuga
124 Wahlenbergia marginata(Thunb.)DC.(W.gricilis DC)
FAMILY: VACCINIACEAE
125 Vaccinium leschenaultii W
FAMILY: ERICACEAE
126 Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall.
127 Rhododendron arboreum Sm. ssp Western Ghats
128 Nilagiricum (Zenk) Tagg
FAMILY: PRIMULACEAE
129 Lysimachia leschenaultia Duby. Western Ghats
130 Lysimachia deltoides W
FAMILY: MYRSINACEAE
131 Maesa indica (Roxb) A.D.C.
FAMILY: OLEACEAE
132 Ligustrum perrotteetii A.D.C
FAMILY: GENTIANACEAE
133 Exacum wightianum Arn. Western Ghats
134 Exacum atropurpureum Bedd.
135 Gentiana quadrifaria Bl.
136 Gentiana pedicellatta Wall.
137 Swertia corymbosa W. Western Ghats
FAMILY: SCROPHULARIACEAE
138 Calceolaria mexicana Benth
139 Lindernia spp.
140 Pedicularis zeylanica Benth.
141 Pedicularis perrottetti Benth.
142 Sopubia trifida Ham.
143 Torenia bicolor Dalz.
FAMILY: LENTIBULARIACEAE
144 Utricularia scandens Benj. Var. scandens( U.wallichiana W.)
145 Utricularia caerulea L. Western Ghats
146 Utricularia gramioifolia Vahl.
FAMILY: GESNERIACEAE
147 Didymocarpus tomentosa Barnes
148 Didymocarpus humboldtianna Gardn
FAMILY: ACANTHACEAE
149 Andrographis neesiana W. Western Ghats
150 Justicia japonica Thunb. (J. simplex D.Don)
151 Phlebophyllum kunthianum Nees. Western Ghats
152 Strobilanthes foliosus T.And. Western Ghats
153 Strobilanthes perrottetianus Nees.
154 Strobilanthes homotropus Nees. Western Ghats
FAMILY: LAMIACEAE
155 Anisomeles indica O.Kze.
156
Brunella vulgaris L.
157 Clinopodium umbrosum(Bieb.)Kotch.  (Calamintha umbrosa Benth)
158 Coleus barbatus Benth.
159 Leucas vestita var. devikolemensis Shetty & Vivek Western Ghats
160 Leucas  hirta spr.
161 Leucas  helianthemifolia Desf.
162 Leucas  lanceaefolia Desf.
163 Micromeria biflora Benth.
164 Plectranthus  wightii Benth.
165 Pogostemon speciosus Benth.
166 Pogostemon  pubescens Benth.
167 Scutellaria barbata D.Don.
168 Scutellaria spp.
FAMILY: PLANTAGINACEAE
169 Plantago erosa Wall. (P. major L.)
FAMILY: CHENOPODIACEAE
170 Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
FAMILY: POLYGONACEAE
171 Polygonum chinensis L.
172 Polygonum nepalensis Meissn.
FAMILY: THYMELACEAE
173 Gnidia glauca(Fresen) Gilg.
FAMILY: EUPHORBIACEAE
174 Euphorbia laeta Heyne ex Roth.
175 Glochidion arboretum W.
176 Phyllanthus gardnerianus (W.) Baill
177 Phyllanthus rheedii W.
FAMILY: URTICACEAE
178 Laportea biflora
179 Pouzolzia accuminata
180 Pouzolzia wightii Benn.
FAMILY: ORCHIDACEAE
181 Brachycorythis splendidam Summ Western Ghats
182 Brachycorythis wightii Summ Western Ghats
183 Disperis neilgherrensis W.
184 Habenaria barnesii Summerhayes &
Fischer
185 Habenaria  heyneana Lindl.
186 Habenaria perrottctiana A.Rich.
187 Habaneria  crassifolia A.Rich. Western Ghats
188 Habenaria elliptica W. Western Ghats
189 Habenaria rariflora A.Rich
190 Habenaria longicorniculata Grah. Western Ghats
191  Liparis wightiana Thw.
192 Malaxis densiflora(A.Rich) O.Kuntz. Western Ghats
193 Malaxis  intermedia(A.Rich) Seidenf
194 Malaxis rheedii Sw.
195 Pachystoma pubescens Bl
196 Pachystoma Senile(Lindl). Reichb.f.
197 Peristylus richardianus W.
198 Peristylus spiralis A.rich.
199 Satyrium nepalense Don.
200 Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames. (S.
australis Lindl.)
FAMILY: HYPOXIDACEAE
201 Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.
202 Hypoxis aurea Lour.
FAMILY: LILIACEAE
203 Asparagus laevissimus Stued.
204 Chlorophytum malabaricum Baker
205 Disporum leschenaultianum D. Don
206 Lilum  wallichianum  J.  A.  &
J.H.Sch.var.neilgherrense.(W.)Hara
FAMILY: XYRIDACEAE
207 Xyris spp
FAMILY: COMMELINACEAE
208 Commelina hirusta Cl. Western Ghats
209 Commelina  clavata Cl.
210 Cyanotis  arachnoidea Cl.
211 Cyanotis pilosa Sch.
212 Murdannia  dimorpha (Dalz.) Bruk.
(Aneilema dimorphum Dalz.)
FAMILY: JUNCACEAE
213 Juncus bufonius L.
214 Juncus inflexus L.
(J. glaucus Erh.ex Sibth.)
215 Luzula multiflora (Retz.) Lejeune Western Ghats
(L. campestris auct non DC.)
FAMILY: PALMACEAE
216 Phoenix humilis Royle
FAMILY: ERIOCAULACEAE
217 Eriocaulon geoffreyi Fyson
218 Eriocaulon collinum Hk.f.
219 Eriocaulon robustum Stued.
FAMILY: CYPERACEAE
220 Carex filicina Nees.
221 Carex phacota Spr.
222 Carex sp.
223 Cyperus  cyperinus(Retz.) Valck.
224 Cyperus  kyllingia Endl.
225 Cyperus sanguinolentus Vall.
226 Cyperus  sesquiflorus(Torr)  Mattf.&
Kuk.(K.illingia)
227 Cyperus  brevifolius(Rottb.) Hassk.
228 Eleocharis congesta D.Don.
229 Fimbristylis kingii Cl. Western Ghats
230 Picris sp.
231 Rhynchospora rugosa (Vahl ) Gale
232 Scirpus fluitans Linn
FAMILY: POACEAE
233 Agrostis peninsularis Hook,f. Western Ghats
234 Agrostis pilosula Trin.
235 Andropogon lividus Thw.
236 Andropogon polyptychum var.
polyptychum
237 Andropogon polyptychum var.
deccanensis.
238 Anthistiria ciliata L
239 Anthoxanthum borii Jain
240 Apocopis courtallumensis(Steud)Henr.
241 Arthraxon villosus C.E.C.Fischer.
242 Arthraxon lanceolatus(Roxb.) Hochst.
243 Arundinella vaginata Bor. Western Ghats
244 Arundinella purpurea Stued. Western Ghats
245 Arundinella mesophylla Nees.
246 Arundinella ciliata (Roxb) Nees.
247 Arundinella tuberculata Munro
248 Bothriochloa  parameswaranii Western Ghats
Sreekumar et al.
249 Bothriochloa foulkesii (Hook.f.) Henr.
250 Bothriochloa insculpata (A. Rich.) A. Campus.
251 Brachiaria  reptans  (Linn.)
Gard.&C.E.Hubb.
252 Capillipedium assimile (Steud) A.Camus
253 Chrysopogon zeylanicus(Steud) Thw.
254 Chrysopogon tadulingamii Sreekumar et al. Western Ghats
255 Coelachne simpliciuscula(Steud.) Benth.
256 Coelachne perpusilla(Stued.), Thw.
257 Cyrtococcum deccanense Bor
258 Cymbopogon flexuosus (Stued.) Wats
259 Cynodon dactylon (Linn.)Pers.
260 Dichanthium  oliganthum(Stued.)
Cope.(D.polyptychum)
261 Dichanthium foulkesii(Hook f.) Jain and Despan
262 Digitaria wallichiana(Stued.) Stapf.
263 Eleusine indica (Linn) Gaertn.
264 Eragrostis unioloides (Retz.)Stued.
265 Eragrostis pilosa (Linn) P.Beauv.
266 Eragrostis nigra Stued.
267 Eulalia phaeothrix(Hack) O..Kunz
268 Eulalia thwaitesii(Hack) O..Kunz.
269 Eulalia trispicata(Schult) Henr
270 Garnotia exaristata Gould.
271 Garnotia  courtellensis  (Arn.&Nees) Thw.
272 Helictotrichon virescens (Stued.) Henr.
273 Heteropogon contortus (Linn) Roem & Shultz.
274 Imperata cylindrica (Linn) Raeusch.
275 Isachne setosa C.E.C. Fischer.
276 Isachne fischeri Bor. Western Ghats
277 Isachne bourneorum C.E.C. Fischer. Western Ghats
278 Ischaemum tadulingamii N.C.Nair et al.
279 Ischaemum commutatum Hack.
280 Ischaemum indicum(Houtt.) Merrill.
281 Ischaemum nilagiricum Hack.
282 Jansenella griffithiana (C.Muell.) Bor.
283 Oplismenus compositus (Linn) P.Beauv.
284 Panicum gardneri Thw.
285 Paspalidium punctatum(Burm.) A.Camus.
286 Poa annua Linn.
287 Sacciolepis indica (Linn.) A.Chase
288 Sehima nervosum(Rottl.) Stapf.
289 Setaria pumila (Poir) Roem. & Schutt.
290 Setaria pallide
291 Themeda tremula(Stued.) Hack.
292 Themeda cymbaria (Roxb) Hack.
293 Tripogon bromoides Roem. & Schutt.
294 Tripogon narayani P.V Sreekumar et al Western Ghats
295 Tripogon anantaswamianus P.V Sreekumar et al. Western Ghats
296 Zenkeria jainii N.C.Nair et al. Western Ghats
297 Zenkeria elegans Trin Western Ghats