Meliosma simplicifolia


Flowering & Fruiting: September – March

Habitat: Shola Forest

Distribution: Indo-Malesia & China


Trees, to 20 m high, bark greyish-brown, smooth; blaze deep pink changes to orange-red; branchlets densely tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 1.5-5 cm, stout, puberulent, grooved above; lamina 5-30 x 2-10 cm, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-obovate or oblanceolate or sometimes lanceolate; base acute to round, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire or with some distant teeth, usually distinctly pubescent on midrib, sometimes on nerves above, sparsely to moderately pubescent especially on midrib and nerves beneath, usually with domatia, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-18 pairs, pinnate, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers small, bisexual, pale yellow, crowded in dense glomerule, sessile, in lax or dense panicles of 5-55 cm; branches rather coarse, terete to slightly angular, densely short tomentose, the lower primary ones almost always subtended by small leaves; sepals actually 5, and 3 or more sepal like empty bracts, ovate, ciliolate; petals 3+ 2; inner ones ca. 1 mm bifid; lobes divergent, glabrous; outer ones orbicular, 2 mm; stamens 5; fertile stamens 3; filaments to 1 mm; staminodes to 1.5 mm; anthers globose; sterile ones bifid at apex; disc annular; ovary superior, glabrous, to 1 mm, 2-celled, ovules 2 per cell; style 1 mm. Fruit a drupe, 5-6 mm across, globose, purple-black, crustaceous, endocarp globose or subglobose, often rather irregular, with usually lax reticulum; median keel distinct but not very prominent.


Meliosmasimplicifolia (Roxb.) Walp. var. pungens (Wall. ex Wight &Arn.) Beus., Blumea 19: 466. 1971; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 134. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 38. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 70. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 79. 1999; S.C. Majumder in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 427. 2000; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 793. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 249. 2009.


MillingtoniapungensWall. ex Wight &Arn., Edinb. New Phil. J. 15: 178. 1833.


Meliosmapungens(Wight &Arn.) Walp. Rep. 1: 423. 1842.


MeliosmawightiiPlanch. ex Brandis, For. Fl. 116. 1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 4. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 256(182). 1918.