Pittosporum neelgherrense


Local name: Analivenga

Flowering & Fruiting: Januvery – June

Habitat: Evergreen and shola deciduous forest

Distribution: India


Small trees to 8 m tall; bark brownish-black, lenticellate, with pungent aromatic smell. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate;  petiole 5-20 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 5-12 x 1.5-4 cm, narrowly elliptic, elliptic-obovate or elliptic-lanceolate, base attenuate or acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-14 pairs, slender, faint, pinnate, midrib grooved above and slightly  raised  beneath, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, in slender simple racemes; pedicels 5 mm long, glabrous; sepals 5, 1.5 mm long, subulate, margin ciliate; petals yellow, 8 x 1.5 mm, oblong-lanceolate; ovary superior, densely tomentose with brown hairs, 1-celled; stigma 2-lobbed. Fruit a capsule, 2 valved, 1 cm across, yellow, woody, globular or slightly compressed; seeds 4-8, orange-red, smooth.


Pittosporum neelgherrense Wight &Arn., Prodr. 154. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 198. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 55(40). 1915; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 12. 1988; M.P. Nayar& G.S. Giri in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 446. 1993; M. Mohanan& Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram  63. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 38. 1996; Sasidh. &Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 47. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 19. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 17. 2002; Mohanan&Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 76. 2002; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 286. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 126. 2009.