Syzygium densiflorum

MYRTACEAE

Local Name: Ayuri, Karayambuvu, Kuruthamaram, Kuruthal, Kurunjaval, Njaval, Pillanjaval

IUCN Status: Vulnerable

Flowering & Fruiting: April – June

Habitat: Evergreen and Shola Forest

Distribution: Endemic to Southern Western Ghats

Description

Evergreen trees, to 20 m high; bark surface blackish-grey, rough; branchlets terete. Leaves simple, opposite, 3.5-9 x 1.8-3.7 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, apex acuminate or caudate acuminate, base attenuate or acute, margin entire, glabrous, glandular punctate, coriaceous, olive-green when dry; petiole 3-20 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves many, parallel, close, prominent, looped at the margin forming intramarginal nerve, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, creamy, 10-12 mm long, sessile, in dense clusters forming compact, terminal trichotomous cymes. Calyx tube to 5 mm, turbinate; lobes 4; no thick disc. Petals free, deciduous. Stamens many free, bent inwards at the middle in bud. Ovary inferior, 2-celled, ovules many; style 1; stigma simple. Fruit a berry, oblong-ovoid, dark purple, fleshy.

Citation

Syzygiumdensiflorum Wall. ex Wight &Arn., Prodr. 329. 1834; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 199. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 37. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 61. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 137. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 129. 1999; Mohanan&Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 261. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 216. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 359. 2009.

 

Syzygiumarnottianum(Wight) Walp., Rep. 2:180.1843. nom. superfl.; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 475(338). 1919; M. Mohanan& Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram  187. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 134. 1995; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 59. 2000; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 357. 2009.

 

Eugenia arnottianaWight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 2: 17. 1841; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 483. 1878.

 

Eugenia benthamianaWight ex Duthie in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 484. 1878.

 

Eugenia arnottiana(Walp.) Wight var. benthamiana Wight ex Duthie in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 484. 1878.

 

Syzygiumbenthamianum (Wight ex Duthie) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 478(338). 1919; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 199. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 137. 1998; Mohanan&Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 257. 2002.