Vaccinium leschenaultia


Local Name: Kalavu, Kelamaram

Flowering & Fruiting: February – April

Habitat: Shola Forest


Trees, to 7 m high; bark thin, greyish-brown; branchlets slender. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 3-10 mm slender, glabrous; lamina 2.5-6.5 x 1-3 cm, ovate, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, base attenuate, acute or obtuse, apex acute or acuminate, margin serrate, glabrous, coriaceous, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, ascending, slender, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, pink, in axillary and terminal, racemose panicles; pedicel 3 mm long; bracts cauducous, 2 mm long, calyx tube ovoid, adnate to ovary, 5 teethed, ciliate; corolla urceolate; tube 6-8 mm long; lobes 5; stamens 10, free; anthers produced at the apex into 2 cylindric tubes; ovary inferior, 5-celled, ovules many; style stout; stigma 5 lobed. Fruit a berry, 7-13 mm across, smooth, globose, glabrous, red; seeds pale brown.


Vaccinium leschenaultii Wight, Ic. t. 1188. 1848, var. leschenaultii; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 455. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 742(521). 1921; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 164. 1988; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 39. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 74. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 387. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 219. 1998; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 95. 2000; Mohanan&Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 401. 2002.