Litsea wightiana

LAURACEAE

Flowering & Fruiting: Aug-Oct

Habitat: Evergreen Forest

Distribution: Endemic to Southern Western Ghats

Description

Evergreen dioecious trees, to 15 m high, bark surface brown, smooth, lenticellate; lenticels horizontal; branchlets brown pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 10-20 mm long, stout, brown pubescent; lamina 7-15 x 3-9 cm, obovate or oblong, base acute or rarely obtuse, apex obtuse, margin entire, often recurved, glabrous above, rusty brown pubescent beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 4-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers unisexual, in axillary racemose umbellules, the whole inflorescence brown pubescent; bracts 5-8, obovate, concave, densely hairy outside, perianth short; lobes 5, oblong, densely fulvous hairy; stamens 12, in 4 rows; filaments hairy, of rows 1 and 2 usually eglandular, those of 3 and 4 with 2-glands; anthers 4-celled, introrse; staminodes in female as the of stamens of males, those of outer rows linear, those of inner rows subulate and 2-glandular; ovary half inferior, enclosed in perianth tube, globose, 1 mm across, 1-celled, ovule 1, pendulous; style thick, stigma dilated, irregularly lobed. Fruit a berry ovoid, seated on the cup shaped perianth tube.

Citation

Litsea wightiana (Nees) Hook. f. var. tomentosa (Meisner) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1238(866). 1925; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 352. 1998.

 

Cylicodaphne wightiana Nees var. tomentosa Meisner in DC., Prodr. 15: 200. 1864.