Prunus ceylanica

ROSACEAE

Flowering & Fruiting: Sep-April

Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests

Distribution: Indo-Malesia

Description

Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, brownish-black, rough, vertically fissured and shallowly horizontally cracked forming thin tessellate flakes; branchlets prominently lenticellate. Leaves simple, alternate, 10-21 x 4.5-8.5 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, or elliptic-ovate, apex acuminate or obtusely acute, base acute, round or oblique, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; stipules small, lateral, cauducous; petiole 10-22 mm, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 5-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, slender, intercostae reticulate, prominent, 2 pitted glands at base on either side of the midrib often present. Flowers bisexual, 5-6 mm across, white, in axillary racemes; bracts forming a cone in buds, deciduous. Calyx tube campanulate; lobes 5-6, ovate, acute or obtuse, densely hairy; petals 5-6, oblong, tomentose without. Stamens 20-30; filaments slender, incurved; anthers small. Ovary sessile, inferior, 1-celled, glabrous, ovules 2, pendulous; style 1, subulate; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe 20-25 x 35-37 mm, depressed globose, obscurely 2-lobed, glabrous; seeds 2, globose.

Citation

Prunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq., Fl. Ind. Bot. 1: 366. 1855; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 169. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 152. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 97. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 172. 1988; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram  177. 1994; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 190. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 25, 31; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 172. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 115. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 66. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 247. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 129. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 123. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 113. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 241. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 341. 2009.

 

Polydontia zeylanica Wight, Illustr. 1: 203. 1840, “Polyodontia”.

 

Pygeum zeylanicum Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 59. 1871.

 

Pygeum acuminatum Colebr., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 12: 300. t.18. 1818; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 318. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 439(311). 1919, non Prunus acuminata (Wall.) Dietr. 1803.

 

Pygeum wightianum Blume ex Muell. in Walp., Ann. 4: 642. 1857; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 319. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 439(311). 1919.

 

Pygeum gardneri Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 321. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 439(311). 1919.

 

Pygeum sisparense Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1918: 238. 1918; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 438(311). 1919.