Values of the Park


  • An abode of a number of Kurinji species, especially Neelakurinji, that blooms once in 12 years
  • Exceptional ecosystem diversity consisting of Shola Forests, Grasslands, Hill Forests, Evergreen Forests, Shrub lands and Moist Deciduous Forests
  • Largest stretch of undisturbed Shola-Grassland ecosystem in Western Ghats
  • Exceptional species diversity in the Shola Forests and Grasslands
  • Significant population of endemic Shola and Grassland species
  • Ideal place for “insitu” germ plasm conservation of rare and threatened species
  • National Park harbors a number of medicinal plants


  • Largest viable population of Nilgiri Tahr in the world
  • Good population of Mammals, Birds, Butterflies, Amphibians etc with high degree of endemism


  • The catchment area of three important rivers, Periyar, Chalakudy and Pambar
  • Important source of potable water for the local dependent population and population down stream
  • Irrigation water for the tea estates nearby and the agricultural land down stream

Education and Research

  • Great opportunity for education and research due to rich and diverse ecosystems’, plants and animals
  • Ample scope for studying people’s participation in conservation and management

Aesthetic Values

  • Value related to eco-tourism
  • Major destination due to the scenic beauty, unique ecosystems and life forms
  • Ample scope for nature photography

Socio-Economic Values

  • Livelihood for hundreds of local dependent population directly and indirectly
  • The long standing relationship between the earlier managers of the park, the High Range Wildlife and Environment Preservation Association and the local Muthuvan tribes is an ideal model in conservation initiatives

Cultural values

  • The Muthuvans are the local, indigenous people. They inhabit the fringes of the park and have traditionally been associated with the management of thepark. The park plays a significant role in sustaining them and their culture